Bicycle Safety

A bicycle is a vehicle. The Highway Traffic Act defines a vehicle as "anything drawn, propelled, or driven by any type of power including muscular power".  Bicyclists share a complex traffic environment with other larger forms of transportation. Youngsters may lack the physical and mental development to interact safely in that environment.


All cyclists under the age of eighteen years are required by law to wear a helmet while riding or operating a bicycle, and the chinstrap of the helmet must be securely fastened under the chin. [According to the Highway Traffic Act, 104 (2.1).]


The Highway Traffic Act of Ontario states:

  • A police officer who finds any person contravening this Act or any applicable municipal bylaw while in charge of a bicycle may require that person to stop and provide identification of himself or herself
  • Every person who is required to stop, by a police officer acting under subsection (1), shall stop and identify himself or herself to the police officer
  • For the purposes of this section, giving one's correct name and address is sufficient identification
  • A police officer may arrest without warrant any person who does not comply with subsection (2)


Injury prevention:

  • Be a responsible cyclist
  • Wear a helmet
  • Night riders should have a white light at the front and a red light or reflector at the rear
  • Dress brightly to be seen
  • When turning at intersections, be careful; most collisions occur at intersections
  • Ride about 1 metre from the curb in a straight line; look well ahead and avoid hazards such as potholes, sewer grates, and debris
  • Shoulder check and signal before turning or changing lanes


Crime prevention 

  • Register your bike at your local police station
  • Always lock your bicycle when not in use
  • Lock your bicycle by placing a chain or cable through both wheels and the frame and attach around a stationary object
  • If your bike is stolen, report the loss to the police immediately





Is it lawful to ride a bicycle on Sault Ste. Marie sidewalks?

A bicycle is defined as a vehicle under the Highway Traffic Act. As such, the bylaw states that you must not drive a vehicle on a sidewalk in the City of Sault Ste. Marie.  Bicycles once on the roadway have to comply with all rules of the road (ie: stop signs, red lights, etc.).

Cars and Bicycles: Who has the right of way?

Cars and bicycles use the same roads, but do cars always have the right of way? No. Motorists can't cut off a cyclist to make a right-hand turn. They must signal and then wait until the cyclist has cleared the roadway, then make a safe and orderly right-hand turn.


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